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   Dr. V. Babitha MD.,(Hom)

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Tridosha Analysis


Root Cause of Diseases could be peak and valley effect of Tridoshas.


The concept of "TRIDOSHA" represents the imbalances in the human body, which is analyzed through pulse diagnosis to advice necessary changes in the life style.


The concept of  Tridosha is useful in the selection of proper constitutional miasmatic  homeopathic remedy.

Pancha Mahabhutas and the Tridosha theory

Two of the fundamental theories in Ayurveda are those of Pancha Mahabhutas and the Tridoshatheory.

As humans, we have five sense organs and can therefore perceive the world in five distinct ways via our ears, skin, eyes, tongue and nose. Each of these perceives a particular form of external energy and absorbs it into the human body. The five energies or elements as perceived by the five senses are known as the Pancha Mahabuttas or five elements:

  • Akasha (ether)
  • Vayu (air)
  • Tejas (fire)
  • Jala (water)
  • Prithvi (earth)

All matter is considered to have been composed of these five elements but only living matter has the three doshas or tridosha - the three forces which govern all biological processes.

The doshas are the three primary energetic principles which regulate all physiological and psychological process in the living organism. From the most rudimentary cellular process to the most complex aspects of biological functionality, the doshas regulate everything that occurs, changes and decays. A harmonious state between the doshas results in homeostasis which is the required foundation for good health and a disharmonious imbalance results in a variety of signs and symptoms. In all, the interplay among them determines the objective condition of the living being  including us.

Each dosha is a synergy of two Mahabutas (elements) and interestingly enough - each receives its specificity from these elements. The elements ether and air combine to form vata. Fire and water form pitta while water and earth constitute kapha. Therefore vata has the mobile characteristic of air and ether, pitta acquires the energy of fire while kapha inherits the stability of the earth.

Elemental Composition of the three doshas:

Basics of Vata

Vata, composed of air, governs all movement in the mind and body and must be kept in good balance. Too much vata leads to worries, insomnia, cramps and constipation. It controls blood flow, elimination of wastes, breathing and the movement of thoughts across the mind. It is also responsible for the activation of the nervous system, hearing and speech; and expresses as enthusiasm and creativity. Vata also controls the other two principles, Pitta and Kapha, and is usually the first cause of disease. Another word for Vata is Vayu - it is the more traditional Sanskrit word for air.

Vata is divided into five types depending upon the site and specificity of its action.These are:

1] Prana - the main location in the head and controls the five senses 
2] Udana - it is located in the chest region and controls speech and intellect
3] Vyana - it is situated in heart and controls all the voluntary body movements 
4] Samana - it is located in the stomach and controls digestion 
5] Apana - it is located in the anal region and controls the expulsion of semen, menstrual blood, excreta and foetus.

At metaphysical level, it promotes the mental balance and comprehension.

Basics of Pitta

Pitta is said to be composed of fire and water; it governs all heat, metabolism and transformation in the mind and body. It controls how we digest food, how we metabolize our sensory perceptions, and how we discriminate between right and wrong. Pitta must be kept in balance, too. Too much it can lead to anger, criticism, ulcers, rashes and thinning hair. A balanced Pitta mind makes one a good leader with a warm personality.

It is divided in five types: 
1] Pachak - it is located in the duodenum with the major function being the digestion of food
2] Ranjak - it is located in the stomach and forms blood or Rakta 
3] Sadhak - it is located in the heart and controls the proficiencies of the mind such as intellect, 
4] Aalochak - it is situated in the eyes that provides vision
5] Bhrajak - it is located in the skin that imparts pigment to skin.

Metaphysically, it rules our ability to perceive ideas and impressions and supposedly stimulates the intellect.

Basics of Kapha

Kapha is the watery humour. It cements the elements in the body, providing the material for physical structure and maintains the body resistance by lubricating the joints; providing moisture to the skin, helping to heal the wounds, filling the spaces in the body; giving the biological strength, vigor and stability, supporting memory retention and giving the energy to the heart and lungs. In all it maintains immunity.

Kapha is also responsible for emotions of attachment, greed and long-standing envy; it is also expressed in tendencies toward calmness, forgiveness and love. Too much Kapha leads to lethargy and weight gain, as well as congestion and allergies.

  • Catabolism (vata)
  • Metabolism (pitta)
  • Anabolism (kapha)

With excess vata dosha, we have a breakdown of the body natural defences. Improper increase inkapha dosha results in abnormal growth, weight gain and unnatural ability to repair tissues and organs while excess pitta dosha may result in abnormal heat production and disturbing metabolism.

The doshas pervade the entire being encompassing the body, emotions and mind and determine according to their relative proportions, the constitutional type of the individual. Interestingly enough, individuals from each  different from one another in their capacity for immunity from disease, their emotional responses to a given environment, and even their mental characteristics.


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